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Thursday, 26 April 2018

Ere-ode in Yorubaland


JUXTAPOSING OGUN FESTIVAL WITH THE 15 FACTS ON AFRICAN RELIGIONS

African religions cover a diverse landscape of ethnic groups, languages, cultures, and worldviews.
1. African traditional religion refers to the indigenous or AUTOCHTHONOUS religions of the African people. It deals with their cosmology, ritual practices, symbols, arts, society, and so on. Because religion is a way of life, it relates to culture and society as they affect the worldview of the African people. In the celebration of Ogun Festival, the major people that are found in the worship of Ogun (God of iron) always based on hunting and blacksmith. They are sometimes farmers.
 2. Traditional African religions are not stagnant but highly dynamic and constantly reacting to various shifting influences such as old age, modernity, and technological advances. It is a fact that the people of Africa are multi-religious. One may belong to one two religions at a time unlike in Islam of Christian
3. TRADITIONAL AFRICAN RELIGIONS ARE LESS OF FAITH
TRADITIONS AND MORE OF LIVED TRADITIONS. They are
Less concerned with doctrines and much more so with rituals, ceremonies, and lived practices. As we have seen in the above, African religion is based on the way the live. Religion on its own is a way of life. Ogun worshippers based on hunting. Oloya based of the life Oya. Egungun worshippers are more social that spiritual nowadays.
4. When addressing religion in Africa, scholars often speak of a “triple heritage,” that is the triple legacy of indigenous religion, Islam, and
Christianity that are often found side by side in many African societies. African religions are hereditary. African religion is (ASEBI). If one does belong to the family of OLOGUN he cannot fully participate in the celebration.
5. While those who identify as practitioners of traditional African religions are often in the MINORITY, many who identify as Muslims or Christians are involved in traditional religions to one degree or another. African cherished their religion/culture that is why one who has been coverted or baptized in the Christ still takes part in Ogun.
6. Though many Africans have converted to Islam and Christianity, these religions still inform the social, economic, and political life in African societies. The conversion of people into the two religions affirmed that Africans have Autochthonous religion
7. Traditional African religions have gone global! The Trans-Atlantic slave trade led to the growth of African-inspired traditions in the Americas such as Candomblé in Brazil, Santería in Cuba, or Vodun in Haïti. Furthermore, many in places like the US and the UK have converted to various traditional African religions, and the importance of the diaspora for these religions is growing rapidly. African religions have also become a major
attraction for those in the diaspora who travel to Africa on pilgrimages because of the global reach of these traditions.
8. There are quite a number of revival groups and movements whose main aim is to ensure that the tenants and practice of African indigenous religion
that are threatened survive. These can be found all over the Americas and Europe.
9. THE CONCERNS FOR HEALTH, WEALTH, AND PROCREATION
are very central to the core of African religions. That is why they have developed institutions for healing, for commerce, and for the general well-
being of their own practitioners and adherents of other religions as well. This can be affirmed in the penology where Ogun is hail has Ola-kari aiye.
10. Indigenous African religions are not based on Conversion like Islam and Christianity. They tend to propagate peaceful coexistence, and they promote good relations with members of other religious traditions that surround them.
11. Today as a minority tradition, it has suffered immensely from human rights abuses. This isbased on misconceptions that these religions are
antithetical to modernity. Indeed indigenous African religions have provided the blueprint for robust conversations and thinking about community relations, interfaith dialogue, civil society, and civil religion. Once one is born, he is being born into the religion. He does not choose to be part. It is automatic.
12. Women play a key role in the practice of these
traditions, and the internal gender relations and dynamics are very profound. There are many female goddesses along with their male counterparts. There are female priestesses, diviners, and other figures, and many feminist scholars have drawn from these traditions to advocate for women’s rights and the place of the feminine in African societies. The traditional approach of indigenous African religions to gender is one of complementarity in which a confluence of male and female forces must operate in harmony.
13. Indigenous African religions contain a great deal of wisdom and insight on how human beings can best live within and interact with the environment. Given our current impending ecological crisis, indigenous African religions have a great deal to offer both African countries and the world at large. In addition to this, during the celebration of Ogun Festival, the women use to sing the songs of ogun. E.g, (Baale mi aja majebi, kooko odo ti I ru minimini)
14. African indigenous religions provide strong linkages between the life of humans and the world of the ancestors. Humans are thus able to maintain constant and symbiotic relations with their ancestors who are understood to be intimately concerned and involved in their descendants’ everyday affairs. For example, when the elderly ones are breaking Kolanuts for during its Festival the will be hailing/calling the name of their past ancestors to help/pray for them.
15. Unlike other world religions that have written scriptures, oral sources form the core of indigenous African religions. These oral sources are intricately interwoven into arts, political and social structure, and material culture. The oral nature of these traditions allows for a great deal of adaptability and variation within and between indigenous African religions. At the same time, forms of orature – such as the Ifa tradition amongst the Yoruba can form important sources for understanding the tenants and worldview of these religions that can serve as analogs to scriptures such as the Bible or the Qur’an.
REFERENCE
SEPTEMBER 2015
[…] http://blog.oup.com/2014/05/15-
facts-on-african-religions/ […]
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